Love and Money: Negotiating Finances as a Couple
According to a 2014 Consumer Services survey by Experian, half of married couples in the U.S. say that credit scores are important to them when choosing a mate. Participants went so far as to rank “financial responsibility” as more important than “physical attractiveness” or “career ambition”, and “financial compatibility” higher than “sex and intimacy”. In other words, the ability to communicate openly and honestly about your personal finances has become an essential component of an open and honest relationship.
Getting to that point of full financial disclosure however, can be wrought with uncomfortable moments and highly sensitive conversations. From the first date to the first shared living expenses to the first days as a married couple, negotiating finances together is a constant and important reality of shared financial responsibility.
Here are eight must-have discussions for navigating the various stages of your relationship and the financial realities that go hand in hand with them…
1. What Is Your Financial Reality? It’s much easier to say you’d prefer to keep things affordable from the first date than it is to come clean about your spending limitations three or four weeks in. If your potential partner isn’t cool with budget-friendly coffee or dessert dates while getting to know one another, they probably aren’t a good financial fit anyway
2. What Are Your Financial Priorities? How you choose to allocate your funds says a lot about what you hold most valuable. Discussing financial priorities is a good way to see whether your life priorities align too.
3. What Are Your Goals? If you’re hoping for a future beyond the first few months, talking goals is a must. Once again, goals are a reflection of priorities - financial and otherwise. The sooner you find out if and where your priorities overlap, the more informed decisions you can make about your future - whether it’s together or apart.
Shared Living Discussions
If things are getting serious and you’re toying with the idea of moving in together, thereby sharing some of your financial responsibilities, be sure to have these discussions FIRST.
4. What Are Your Money Management Techniques? If you’re going to be sharing financial responsibilities, you need to dig into the reality of your finances together. Start talking beyond hopes and dreams, and discover how you each manage your money in the day to day to make those dreams happen - or what obstacles are getting in their way. This is the time to address any concerns and reveal any financial skeletons - like bad credit or consumer debt - if you haven’t already.
5. What Are The Expectations? Once both parties have laid all their financial cards on the table, an honest discussion about how to move forward and what kind of expectations of financial behavior is appropriate can commence. What are the expectations around personal financial troubles- like debt or overspending? What will expectations around shared expenses be- like rent, utilities, groceries, etc.?
If these conversations reveal enough common ground, it’s probably a safe bet to move forward with your plans of co-habitation. But that should not mark the end of your financial discussions. Continuing the conversation, tracking progress, and coping with financial challenges together will help you decide whether you’re committed to a shared future later down the line.
Shared Life Discussions
Marriage is a legal union, and a financial one. To commit to someone for life without having had a comprehensive discussion about money, let alone a few years of experience navigating financial challenges together, is a risky business. In addition to all the conversations you’ve had up until this point, here are a few more to consider before tying the knot.
6. How Will Finances Be Combined? Make a list of all accounts and all financial obligations and discuss how money will be combined or not combined and how any outstanding debt will be managed. Every couple will have a different way of approaching their finances together. What is most important is for the two people in the relationship to be on the same page.
7. What Is The Household Budget? Creating a budget together is a great way to make sure both parties are getting on that same page - both in terms of present spending and future goals. Talk about priorities together and build them into the budget in a way that suits everyone’s needs, now and in the future.
8. How Much Is “Too” Much to Spend Without Discussing First? While marriage is a union and financial decisions of both parties affect the union, it doesn’t have to be the end of autonomy. Discuss what budget there is for each partner to spend freely and what threshold amount is too much to spend without consulting one another first.
Hopefully, by having these important money discussions and coming to an agreement before getting too deep and financially intertwined, couples can grow stronger through their finances rather than be separated and estranged by them.